紫王子海棠半同胞家系表型多样性测定及选优毕业论文_林学毕业论文

紫王子海棠半同胞家系表型多样性测定及选优毕业论文

2021-04-20更新

摘 要

本研究以2014年3月播种获得1000多株‘紫王子’海棠半同胞家系实生苗,按30cm×30cm株行距进行移栽,抽取已经开花的44株半同胞家系单株为试材,对其进行表型测定与分析(包括L*、a*、b*、C*、h°和花径),以期为海棠半同胞家系优良单株的早期选育提供一定的理论依据,为培育具有自主知识产权的观赏海棠新品种做前期准备。主要研究结果如下:

(1)44株‘紫王子’海棠样本的花期时间分为始花期、盛花期、末花期,大部分样本的始花期在4月7日及4月9日,盛花期在4月8日及4月12日,末花期在4月14日及4月16日。

(2)花期时长可划分为短(4天以下,含4天)、中(5-6天)、长(7天以上,含7天)三类,长花期最多,中花期稍少,短花期最少。

(3)花物候特征存在差异,小花径(34mm以下,含34mm)和中花径(34-40mm)一样多,且比例大于大花径(40mm以上,含40mm),大花径最少。浅杯型最多,深杯型次之,平杯型最少。中花柄(24-32mm)最多,长花柄(32mm以上,含32mm)次之,短花柄(24mm以下,含24mm)最少。雄蕊数为中(17.5-22.5个)的最多,雄蕊数为少(少于17.5个,含17.5)的次之,雄蕊数为多(多于22.5个,含22.5)的最少。雌蕊数为少(少于3.8个,含3.8个)的最多,雌蕊数为中(3.8-4.6个)的次之,雌蕊数为多(多于4.6个,含4.6个)的最少。

(4)基于盛花期花色参数,构建‘紫王子’海棠样本聚类分析树状图,在遗传距离为16时,将44株样本划分为白色系、粉色系、红色系。粉色系可继续划分为粉红色系、粉白色系;红色系可继续划分为红色系和紫红色系。

(5)白色系优株为5033号,粉色系优株为5019号,红色系优株为5032号。

关键词:‘紫王子’海棠;表型性状;花色

Study on Determination of phenotypic diversity and its selection of Heterophyll family of Malus‘Purple Prince’

ABSTRACT

In this study, more than 1000 semi compatriot seedlings of Malus‘Purple Prince’ were planted in March 2014, and 81 semi compatriot family lines were randomly selected as test materials according to the distance of 30cm x 30cm lines. The phenotypic measurement and analysis (including L*, a*, b*, C*, H degrees and flower diameter) were carried out to be good for the half sib family of the Begonia. It provides a theoretical basis for the early selection of individual plants, and is prepared for the cultivation of new varieties of ornamental crabapple with independent intellectual property rights. The main results are as follows:

(1) the flowering time of 44 strains of Malus‘Purple Prince’is divided into the beginning period, the flowering period and the final flowering period. The flowering period of most of the samples is in April 7th and April 9th, the flowering period is in April 8th and April 12th, and the final flowering period is in April 14th and April 16th.

(2) Flowering time can be divided into three categories: short(less than 4 days, including 4 days), medium(5-6 days), and long(7 days or more, including 7 days). The longest flowering period is the most, and the middle flowering period is slightly less. Short flowering period is the least.

(3) There are differences in the phenological characteristics of flowers. The small flower diameter(below 34mm, including 34mm) is the same as the medium flower diameter(34-40mm), and the ratio is greater than the large flower diameter(40mm or more, including 40mm). The flower diameter is the least. The most shallow cup type, followed by the deep cup type, the least flat cup type. The middle peduncle(24-32mm) is the most, the long peduncle(32mm or more, including 32mm) is the second, and the short peduncle(24mm or less, including 24mm) is the least. The number of stamens is the highest in the middle(17.5 to 22.5), the number of stamens is less(less than 17.5, including 17.5), and the number of stamens is more(more than 22.5, including 22.5). minimum. The number of pistil is the highest(less than 3.8, with 3.8), the number of pistil is the second(3.8 to 4.6), and the number of pistil is the least(more than 4.6, with 4.6).

(4) Based on the flower color parameters of the flowering period, a cluster analysis tree diagram of the Malus‘Purple Prince’ sample was constructed. At a genetic distance of 16 hours, 44 samples were divided into white, pink, and red. The pink system can continue to be divided into pink and pink; The red system cancontinue to be divided into red and purple.

(5) The best strain of the white line is 5033, the best strain of the pink line is 5019, and the best strain of the red line is 5032.

Key words: Malus‘Purple Prince’;Phenotypic traits ;Flower color

目 录

前 言 1

1文献综述 1

1.1观赏海棠概述 1

1.1.1观赏海棠简介 1

1.1.2观赏海棠的生物学特性 1

1.1.3观赏海棠的起源与分布 2

1.2观赏海棠国内外发展现状 2

1.2.1观赏海棠育种研究 2

1.2.2观赏海棠表型多样性研究 3

1.3观赏海棠发展与展望 4

2 材料与方法 5

2.1 试验材料 5

2.2 试验方法 5

2.3数据处理 6

3 结果与分析 7

3.1花期物候观察 7

3.2花的生物特征比较 9

3.3花色参数比较 14

4.结论 21

致谢 22

参考文献 23

前 言

海棠是属于蔷薇(Rosaceae)科,苹果属(Malus Mill.)的一类植物,在我国有一定时间的栽培历史,且在我国大部分地区都有生长及栽种。后来逐步进行了筛选、定向培育、杂交出一部分特定用途的海棠,叫做观赏海棠(Malus spp.)。观赏海棠顾名思义,具有良好的观赏价值,将这一点利用于商业用途上,可以产生良好的经济价值。同时,在生态环境方面,由于其适应性强、可杂交范围范围广泛,所以可以带来良好的生态价值。由于立地条件的差异,以及天然和人工选择的条件下,观赏海棠出现了许多栽培变种,且多数的观赏海棠是通过偶然实生选育的 ,难以确认亲缘关系,需要按照育种目标来选择父本和母本优势性状或互补性状进行杂交,进行针对性强的杂交选育。

本实验通过对‘紫王子’海棠花物候的观测以及花色参数的测定,对2014年3月播种获得1000多株‘紫王子’海棠半同胞家系实生苗的特征及差异进行统计和总结,以期得出一定的理论依据,为培育新品种打下基础。

1文献综述

以上是资料介绍,完整资料请联系客服购买,微信号:bysjorg 、QQ号:3236353895

群聊信息

  • 还没有任何群聊信息,你来说两句吧
  • 发表评论


推荐链接